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Observations on Medetera jacula (Fallén, 1823)
Nikita Vikhrev



M. jacula, a painfully common late summer-autumn species?

Jere Kahanpaa (Diptera.info)
Being very common, large and comparatively easy to identify Medetera jacula presents a good opportunity to observe Medetera behaviour.
During the period 2 August -15 September, 2006 I observed the life of Medetera jacula (= Medetera in text) on an old Salix alba growing on pasture near a small pond, Moscow region, near Dmitrov town, for a total of 30 hours.
Medetera was numerous on chosen trees during all periods of observation; often I could see 3-8 flies at once. In mid September Medetera suddenly disappeared; on 9 Sept they were still common; on 14 Sept I found only 3 specimens; on 15 Sept not one.
On the trunk they concentrate mostly between 0 and 1 m high, but some flies may be seen up to a height of 3 m. It seems that for Medetera it does not matter whether it is a sunny or shadowy part of trunk, but when the weather is rainy, they prefer (not exclusively) sites of dry bark. During rain I found more flies at a height of 1-2 m. Cold and rainy weather does not disturb Medetera activity. Also Medetera could be found on the grass around the tree. I have seen both sexes in approximately equal proportion. Medetera are active till deep twilight; once I even observed a hunting fly 15 minutes after astronomical sunset in cloudy evening.

Activity
Most of the time Medetera sits motionless on the trunk, looking towards sky with abdomen down and head up. This position seems to be on one hand most ergonomic, on the other hand it gives highest possible field of view. Let it be called 'waiting' position.
When detecting the prey Medetera changes position into 'hunting' one, with the body parallel to the trunk. Thus Medetera is ready to attack or run after the prey along the trunk. If the prey stops moving, Medetera freezes in hunting position too and leaves freezing for 5-20 sec.
When eating the prey, the fly again uses waiting position. I very often observed the cleaning procedure immediately after feeding. Females in most cases regard head cleaning to be enough (fig. 1), males on the other hand seem to be more tidy, but they do not regard head cleaning of such importance, being much more concerned of hygiene of their genitalia.
For overnight they seem to use a special position with the body parallel and pressed to the bark.

< - - - Please note: There are another three pages in this article! - - - >
Comments
#1 | Susan R Walter on 22 January 2007 14:18:06
Really interesting (and amusing) article Nikita. The feeding strategy details were particularly fascinating.
#2 | jorgemotalmeida on 24 January 2007 20:48:36
NIkita, mystery solved! smiley your avatar is a doli fly.
FANTASTIC article. I wish to see more articles like this one. Smile one day I hope to contribute with 1 article! Wink OR more. Smile
#3 | diphascon on 24 January 2007 22:19:22
Very, very well done!
#4 | crex on 25 January 2007 16:27:16
Interesting. Well done, although it should have been made as a PDF Wink
#5 | Stephen on 07 February 2007 22:10:19
Fantastic! Observations worth of Fabre.
#6 | Cheryl Moorehead on 14 February 2007 07:46:51
I really liked this article. I've only been aware of these flies since I started macro work. They hunt barklice on my Hemlock.
#7 | Toby on 31 March 2007 23:52:16
fascinating, I had no idea flies eat springtails.
#8 | LordV on 01 April 2007 08:24:11
Wonderful article
Brian V.
#9 | conopid on 02 April 2007 18:38:09
Nikita,
I have only just read this. It is a very impressive example of observation. If only more of us would do this type of thing, we could learn so much more. Well done.Smile
#10 | Juergen Peters on 04 October 2007 16:35:24
Very interesting! I have seen Medetera (most likely (near) this species according to I. Grichanov) here also numerously on tree trunks in the last days, even at night in garden. One behaviour I found remarkeable: when sitting head up at the tree, they tend to lean from left to right and back when disturbed slightly. Looks like they were dancing... Cool
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Date and time
18 October 2018 02:31
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16.10.18 11:11
... - British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 11(3/4) (1998): 139-148.

16.10.18 11:10
@Gnats2meetu: Dobson, J.R., 1999. A ’bee-louse’ Braula schmitzi Örosi-Pál (Diptera: Braulidae) new to the British Isles, and the status of Braula spp. in England and Wales. - ...

15.10.18 14:33
Thx Paul

15.10.18 09:43
Heya guys. Does anyone know how many Braulidae species there are in the UK and if there are any resources for ID purposes available? Pfft

13.10.18 22:24
found dead

12.10.18 12:49
Hello I'd be grateful if so. could help me translate Nachweis als Totfund - Records as ? Thx

25.09.18 09:53
Costa, Diptera acquisitions in 1863, Annuario del Museo Zoologico della R. Universita di Napoli 3: 31-40

25.09.18 09:45
Rondani material in Naples, please check Thompson & Thompson, Studia dipterologica 13 (2006) Heft 2: 317-331

20.09.18 16:28
Thx to Tony and Paul, ref now found

19.09.18 14:31
Full reference?

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