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Terms Infusion (Glossary) - v3.10
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T
taxa
taxon (synonym)
taxon
Plural: taxa.
Systematic category used in scientific, biological classification, like species or family. For example, in Diptera, the family Tipulidae is one taxon, as is the genus Tipula and the species Tipula maxima. These taxa represent different levels in a hierarchical scheme. A taxon at a certain level usually exists of more taxa at a lower level (for example, species in a genus).
tegula
The proximal one of the two plates in the axillary area of the wing located at the extreme base of the costal margin. The basicosta is the distal one.
Synonym: epaulet.
Image given: hthttp://www.dgrc...tegula.gif
telephone bug
love bug (synonym)
tergite
From tergal meaning 'dorsal'.
In Diptera the upper (dorsal) sclerite of an abdominal segment.

In descriptions and keys tergites are numbered (from the base of the abdomen starting at 1) and often abbreviated. An example:
"TG1 and T8 sparsely brown pruinose. T2-T4 over 1.5 times more long than wide, remaining tergites shorter and wider. T8 visible only on right side. Tergites short setose except TG1, lateral margins of T2 and T3 with long setae." (Neohybos cinereus; Hybotidae).
"Opposite" of sternite a ventral sclerite.
theca
Enlargement of sternite 5/6 in females of many Conopidae, sternite 5 is then produced ventrally as a pad-like structure anteriorly and with a variously developed plate-like portion posteriorly; sternite 6 often similarly developed but with pad-like anterior portion usually smaller and with pate-like posterior portion usually larger than those in segment 5.
Illustration showing a female of Conops flavipes, but in, for example, Sicus the theca is much smaller and rather inconspicuous.
tibia
Second long and well visible segment of the leg, counting from base, situated between the femur (first segment) and the tarsus (distal part of the leg that usually consists of five smaller segments).
Plural: tibiae.

Image courtesy of Japan Drosophila Database
tip
apex (synonym)
tomentose
With tomentum. For example: Dasybasis elquiensis (Tabanidae): 'Tergites I to VI with broad greyish tomentose median posterior spots. Tergites III-VI with pale greyish tomentose sublateral spots.'
tomentum
Pubescence that is composed of matted hair; a covering of short, flattened, recumbent, scale-like hair which merges gradually into dust or pollen. The colour may change with the angle of view.
tomentum
pollinosity (synonym)
triserial
In three rows
tsetse fly
Vernacular name for species in the genus Glossina, the single genus in the family Glossinidae. The name is pronounced /ts/e-/ts/e, teet-SEE, or set-see. Well-known vector of trypanosomiasis.
Links: http://en.wikiped...lossinidae
type genus
The nominal genus that is the name-bearing type of a nominal family-group taxon. (From the Glossary of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature).
type series
The series of specimens on which the original author bases a new nominal species-group taxon. In the absence of a holotype designation, any such specimen is eligible for subsequent designation as the name-bearing type (lectotype); pending lectotype designation, all the specimens of the type series are syntypes and collectively they constitute the name-bearing type. Excluded from the type series are any specimens that the original author expressly excludes or refers to as distinct variants, or doubtfully includes in the taxon. (From the Glossary of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature).
type species
The nominal species that is the name-bearing type of a nominal genus or subgenus. (From the Glossary of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature).
type specimen
Practical: When a biological species is named a single specimen is designated to carry the name. It is a standard of reference and if the species is already described or two species are merged types are maintained in case of dispute. This single specimen is the holotype. Other types are recognized: lectotype is the most significant.
Official: A term used in previous editions of the Code for a holotype, lectotype or neotype, or for any syntype; also used generally for any specimen of the type series. (From the Glossary of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature).
Links: http://en.wikiped...zoology%29
Date and time
18 February 2018 20:50
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Last updated: 25.08.2011
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09.02.18 11:00
Thx very much for the help

08.02.18 15:09

08.02.18 15:07
syn. n. = synonymum novum = new synonym

07.02.18 11:40
Hello Can anyone help out with this abbreviation syn. n. Thx

25.12.17 00:22
I join the others in wishing all forum members a wonderful Christmas season and a great New Year!

21.12.17 19:44
Merry Christmas everyone !

19.12.17 08:29
Hello, is there anybody who have Agromyzidae from Azores, Madeira and Portugal? Milos

16.12.17 15:08
If you know of any useful key(s) to the families of Diptera in the PUPAL stage, please send e-mail (spies@zi.biologie
.uni-muenchen.de) or post references here. Thank you Martin Spies

15.12.17 14:01
Danke Paul

12.12.17 12:36
Thorax black, somewhat shiny, with sparse dark grey dusting.

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